Agriculture is a well-paying job in Nigeria. A lot of students are studying agriculture nowadays due to the prospect of employment after graduation. Here is Industries where Agricultural Graduates can work.
Earlier before now, many Nigerians don’t want to study anything on Agriculture as it was considered as old fashioned. Unlike now that former education has enlightened us to see the importance of studying Agriculture.
I’ve seen many people that change their course of study to Agricultural departments due to prospects of getting jobs after graduation or perhaps working for themselves (entrepreneur).
There are places where you can work as Agricultural graduates in Nigeria. Though, this list will surprise you but let’s quickly know what Agriculture is all about.
Definition of Agriculture
Agriculture as some people considered as rearing of animal and cultivation of crops for management use. Our Agriculture science teacher taught us this definition in elementary school right?. Yes he/she is right?.
Well, Agriculture is beyond cultivation of crops and rearing of animals for management use.
Earlier in secondary school curriculum, Agriculture was known to be general subject where people in commercial and Art classes also studied. Well, Agriculture is meant to be pure science subject.
That been said, does that mean agriculture graduate can’t work in other sector like management, tech companies, engineering and health companies?. No
Agriculture graduates can work in tech companies. In fact many agricultural courses are high tech courses like Animal Biotechnology and Plant Biotechnology. There’s specialised hospitals for animals in Nigeria. So if you study Veterinary Medicine or Animal Genetics, there is career for you in these hospitals.
List of Available Agricultural courses in Nigeria.
Below is the list of agricultural courses offered in Nigeria higher institutions.
- Agricultural Economics
- Agricultural Extension
- Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
- Agricultural Extension and Rural communication
- Agricultural Extension Services
- Agricultural -Economics and Extension
- Agricultural Administration
- Agricultural Business
- Agricultural Economics and Farm Management
- Agricultural Resources Extension
- Animal Breeding and Genetics
- Animal Biotechnology
- Animal Nutrition
- Animal Nutrition and Biotechnology
- Animal Physiology
- Animal Production
- Animal Production and Fisheries
- Animal Production and Health
- Animal Production and Health Services
- Animal Science
- Animal Science and Fisheries
- Animal Science and Fisheries Management
- Animal Science and Range Management
- Animal Science and Technology
- Animal and Environmental Biology
- Aquaculture and Fisheries Management
- Crop and Environmental Protection
- Crop Production
- Crop Production and Landscape Management
- Crop Protection
- Crop Production and Soil Science
- Crop Production Technology
- Crop Science
- Crop Science and Biotechnology
- Crop Science and Horticulture
- Crop Science and Production
- Crop Science and Technology
- Crop Production and Horticulture
- Crop, Soil and Environmental Science
- Crop, Soil and Pest
- Ecotourism and Wildlife Management
- Environmental Management and Toxicology
- Fisheries and Aquaculture
- Fisheries and Aquaculture Technology
- Fisheries and Aquatic Environment Management
- Fisheries and Wildlife Management
- Fisheries Management
- Fisheries Technology
- Food Science
- Food Science and Business
- Food Science and Nutrition
- Food Science and Technology
- Forestry and Environmental Management
- Forestry and Environmental Technology
- Forestry and Wildlife
- Forestry and Wildlife Management
- Forestry and Wildlife Technology
- Forestry and Wood Technology
- Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries
- Forestry/ Forest Resources Management
- Home and Hotel Management
- Home Economics
- Home Economics and Food Management
- Home Science
- Home Science and Management
- Home Science, Nutrition and Dietetics
- Pasture and Range Management
- Plant Physiology
- Animal Biotechnology
- Agricultural Engineering
- Agricultural and Environmental Engineering
- Agric-business and entrepreneur
- Water Resource Management
- Water Resources and Toxicology
- Plant and seed Technology
- Soil science and Land management
- Hospitality and Tourism Management
- Livestock Production Technology
Nutrition and Consumers Services
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Pasture and Range Management
- Plant Breeding and Seed science
- Plant Breeding and Seed Technology
- Plant Physiology and Crop Production
- Plant Science and Biotechnology
- Plant Science and Crop Production
- Soil and Environmental Management
- Soil Science
- Soil Science and Land Agro-Climatology
- Soil Science and Land Management
- Soil Science and Technology
- Water Resources Management and Agrometeorology
- Water Resources, Aquaculture and Fisheries Technology
- Wildlife Management
- Veterinary medicine
Now, I believe you agree with me there’s numerous agriculture courses in our higher institutions.
Let’s look at the industries and companies at which those that studied aforementioned courses can work.
The good deal about the listed courses is that they can all work on their own.
Industries where agriculture graduates can work
- Food industries
- Research Institutes
- Consulting and Aiding
- Government Agency
- Engineering companies
- Pharmaceutical companies
- Veterinary Hospitals
- News Media
- Wood processing companies
- Insurance companies
- Surveying and Real Estate companies
- Marketing companies
- Garden parks
- Meat processing companies
- High Tech companies
- Feedmill companies
The first industry on our list is Bank. You’ll also agree with me that banks are the highest employer of labour in Nigeria. We have different segments in bank that really want to hire agricultural graduates for their entry and experience role.
Different categories of banks we have in Nigeria includes:
Commercial banks: This category of banks always want agriculture graduates for their credit and marketing departments because of different industries they finance. It is good news to know Industries where Agricultural Graduates can work. See list of commercial banks in Nigeria
Government Bank: Government created specialised bank for farmers. We have Bank of Agriculture in Nigeria that’s saddled with sole responsibility to finance farmers. They required the service of those that studied Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Administration, and Agricultural Extension workers for credit analysis and monitoring.
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Microfinance Bank: There are also microfinance banks specialized in micro and medium enterprises financing. Some of these banks specialized in agro-financing. Some they required service of experts in agriculture for proper monitoring and analysis. See list of Microfinance Bank
2. Food Industries
As I said earlier, the good thing about agriculture isit’s versatility.
Have you wondered those that wrote nutritional composition of packaged foods like the plantain chips you consumed everyday.
Nutritional experts and food scientist’s worked together in food industries. Apart from them, the raw materials used in producing this packaged foods, how are they produce?.
Well, those that studied crop related courses ensure production of this raw materials while agricultural engineers work on engines that produce this foods. Full list of food producing industries in Nigeria
3. Research Institutes
Another interesting place Industries where Agricultural Graduates can work is research firms.
The most popular and highest recruiter of labour in agriculture is research institutes. See list of Research Institutes in Nigeria.
I believe, you can agree with me there are numerous job opportunities for agriculture graduates in research.
There are a lot of career opportunities for graduates of agriculture in privates and public farms in Nigeria.
Also, there are a lot of positions for agricultural graduates, ranging from management positions to entry level positions.
Many agricultural graduates occupy positions of farm manager in small and medium farms. While big farms give opportunity to start from entry level to top management level. See list of farms in Nigeria
5. Consulting and Auditing Firms.
It is highly important to state that many consulting firms has gone beyond recruiting based on what you study rather the values you can contribute to that firm. Nevertheless, they still prefer recruiting people from agricultural specialization due to combination of experience needed to carryout specific professional job.
Upon graduation, you can work in graduate trainee roles as then, you’ll also be required to sit for ICAN or ACCA.
This line is available for those that want to change career.
6. Government Agency
Government also needs agricultural graduates to draw up their policies, work in the field as field agricultural officers or as extension workers.
In Nigeria, each local government has at least one extension worker. State and federal government also requires the services of agricultural graduates in food reserves and government house. See list of Government Agricultural Agencies in Nigeria
Before now, federal and state higher institutions do employ their best students upon graduation. I don’t know if they still do. But if you desire to further in academics, then you can enroll for your masters and even PHD program, and apply for lecturing job in Universities, Polytechnics, and College of Education.
The need for agriculture graduates in schools are endless. There are private and public secondary schools in need of agriculture teachers also.
Besides, you can as well put everything you’ve learnt into writing and start lecturing local farmers to be better. List of private and public universities.
8. Engineering Companies
There are numerous engineering companies in Nigeria that are in need of agriculture graduates. Especially those that studied agricultural engineering.
Agricultural engineers helps industries in developments and design of farm and food production machines.
The duty of agricultural engineers can’t be overemphasized as efficiency of companies depend on them. They help companies meet production targets.
9. Veterinary Pharmaceutical companies
This sector employed more agricultural science graduates most especially those that studied Animal science and Veterinary medicine related courses.
They mostly recruit agricultural graduates for the sales roles. This role usually come with official car, hazard allowance and a lot of other packages.
Moreso, our animals and pets also need care. If you’re rich enough, this is another goldmine area where you quickly tap into. See list of Veterinary Pharmaceutical companies in Nigeria.
10. Veterinary Hospitals
We have several public and some new private veterinary hospitals in Nigeria. This area is also for professionals that studied veterinary medicine and some animal breeders.
Animal breeders are employed for improvement of the animal. They crossbred animal that are weak with the ones that are strong to make them better.
Veterinary doctors care for animals.
There are private jobs for those that studied animal breeding and veterinary medicine too.
Radio and TV stations also requires the services of agricultural graduates to bring news updates in Agriculture. Newspaper industry also like to recruit people that can write journals on Agriculture.
12. Wood Processing Industries
This area of specialization is mainly for those that studied forestry and wood related courses. There are companies specialised in processing of wood products in Nigeria. Some companies are also into supply of woods and wood products.
So wood processing companies is another interesting Industries where Agricultural Graduates can work .
13. Insurance companies
A lot of farmers in Nigeria have insurance policy and even banks insured their agricultural loans with insurance companies. so, if you studied agriculture and you’re considering career in insurance companies, you’re still in the right path.
In fact, federal government created Nigeria agricultural insurance corporation for the sole responsibility on helping farmers against risk involve in investing in farm produce. List of companies Agricultural insurance companies in Nigeria.
14. Survey and Real Estate Companies
This area of speciality is also for those that studied soil sciences and Land management. Any company that need to invest in real estate required service of soil scientist for soil analysis and other management issues. No company want to invest in property that will collapse within few months of building.
We also have a lot of companies in Nigeria in this area. List of Real Estate companies in Nigeria
15. Marketing Companies
There are a lot of specialized marketing companies in Nigeria.
They required the service of agricultural graduates to bring their products to major populace.
Agricultural graduate also work in our laboratories today, most especially those that studied Animal nutrition, Animal genetics, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology related courses.
Don’t forget agriculture is a science course. Scientists are in the laboratories testing and analysing.
Many companies recruits those that studied genetics, nutrition and others to laboratories today.
17. Gardens and Parks
The service of horticulturist is also required in gardens and parks. We have many garden management companies in Nigeria today. List of gardens and parks in Nigeria
18. Meat processing companies
There are companies that requires the services of agriculture graduates in processing of meat. Most especially, those that studied animal production and health.
The expertise of these graduates are required for standardization. Some of these companies export their finished goods abroad.
19. High Tech companies
If you study agriculture or planning to do. You’ll know agriculture is beyond hoe and cutlass. My special advise is when you study agriculture just try and upgrade yourself with the use of technology.
Companies recruit agricultural graduates that also have knowledge of coding or working with high tech companies.
Precision agriculture in Nigeria has come to stay. So, try and upgrade yourself to be employable in this field. List of High Tech companies in Nigeria
20. Feed mill companies
Feed mill is another Industries where Agricultural Graduates can work. These companies supply feeds to poultry, ruminants and non-ruminants animal farms.
If you’re considering career in feedmill industry here is list of feedmill companies in Nigeria.
Every course offered in higher institutions has its own peculiarities and there’s a job offer for every course. My sincere advice is to perform well in your course of study.
Moreso, if you graduate with second class lower, third class, or pass. There’s still space for you in the labour market as you can see Industries where Agricultural Graduates can work. Companies hire those skills and academics. For those that are considering studying agriculture in higher institutions. Please don’t be discouraged as there is a lot of opportunities for you. Mind you, when companies are downsizing, they don’t always retrench those that are into agriculture because people must eat.
Adeyinka is the founder and content creator at Career Acada. He’s a technology expert and web developer. He holds a degree in Genetics and loves impacting life for a better society.